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The Board held that a second degree murder conviction under a Michigan statute that did not require intent to kill is categorically an aggravated felony "murder" conviction, 8 USC 1101(a)(43)(A). The noncitizen killed two persons in an automobile collision where he was driving under the influence of alcohol. He pled no contest to second degree murder in violation of section 750.317 of the Michigan Compiled Laws.

The Board first found that 8 USC 1101(a)(43)(A) defines murder in the generic sense, so it looked to the law of the majority of states and to the federal definition of murder. It determined these defined murder to include "depraved heart" murder where there was no specific intent to kill, but there was extremely reckless conduct carrying a high likelihood of death or serious bodily injury. The Michigan conviction here was that type of murder, so the Board found it fit the aggravated felony definition.

The Board disregarded the Supreme Court's decision in Leocal because that case concerned whether DUI was a crime of violence, which is a separate aggravated felony offense.